Petrified wood is a fossil. It forms when plant material is buried by sediment and protected from decay by oxygen and organisms. Then, groundwater rich in dissolved solids flows through the sediment replacing the original plant material with silica, calcite,pyrite or another inorganic material such as opal. The result is a fossil of the original woody material that often exhibits preserved details of the bark, wood and cellular structures.
Some specimens of petrified wood are such accurate preservations that people do not realize they are fossils until they pick them up and are shocked by their weight. These specimens with near perfect preservation are unusual; however, specimens that exhibit clearly recognizable bark and woody structures are very common.
Following is a list of contaminating elements and related color hues:
- carbon – black
- cobalt– green/blue
- chronium – green/blue
- copper – green/blue
- iron oxides – red, brown, and yellow
- manganese oxides– pink/orange
Maas Nursery has many different shapes and sizes of Petrified wood.