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Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

Life: Perrenial

 

 

Size: 18-24″

 

 

Light: Partial Shade

 

 

Water: Normal, Well-Drained

 

 

Soil: Loamy

 

The nodding, nectar-filled red and yellow flowers appear for many weeks in spring, attracting early visits from butterflies and hummingbirds. They make excellent cut flowers, along with their interesting maidenhair fern-like foliage, and do well in both beds and containers. After flowering, remove dead leaves to encourage new growth. It often re-seeds itself and is deer resistant.

Aquilegia dichroa

Life: Perrenial

 

Size: 124″

 

Light: Partial Shade

 

Water: Normal, Well-Drained

 

Soil: Loamy

 

A beautiful, blue spring bloomer, attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds, this Portugal native has adapted well to Texas, despite the limited number of columbines capable of doing so. They make excellent cut flowers, along with their interesting maidenhair fern-like foliage, and do well in both beds and containers. After flowering, remove dead leaves to encourage new growth. It often sows itself in ideal locations.

Aquilegia hinkleyana (Hinkley’s Columbine)

Life: Perrenial

 

Size: 24″

 

Light: Partial Shade

 

Water: Normal, Well-Drained

 

Soil: Loamy

 

Native to the Big Bend area of Texas, this columbine with large yellow flowers that attract both butterflies and hummingbirds is one of the few that is perennial this far south. They make excellent cut flowers, along with their interesting maidenhair fern-like foliage, and do well in both beds and containers. After flowering, remove dead leaves to encourage new growth. It often reseeds.

Aquilegia hybrida (‘Songbird Mix’)

Life: Annual

 

Size: 24″

 

Light: Partial Shade

 

Water: Normal, Well-Drained

 

Soil: Loamy

 

For many weeks in spring, these showy columbines provide large, upward-facing, three inch long flowers in vibrant shades of light and dark blues, rich violets, and lavenders, all with white centers, as well as solid whites. They make excellent cut flowers, along with their interesting, compact clumps of maidenhair fern-like foliage, and do well in both beds and containers. After flowering, remove dead leaves to encourage new growth.

Aquilegia hybrida (‘Spring Magic’ Mix)

Life: Northern/Indoor Perennial, Texas Annual

 

Size: 14″

 

Light: Partial Shade to Morning Sun

 

Water: Normal, Well-Drained

 

Soil: Loamy

 

From late winter to spring spring, these showy columbines provide large, long-spurred, two inch long flowers in vibrant shades of light and navy blues, pinks, and roses, all with white centers, as well as solid whites, that attract butterflies and hummingbirds. They make excellent cut flowers, along with their interesting, compact clumps of maidenhair fern-like foliage, and do well in both beds as a border front and tucked into containers. After flowering, remove dead leaves to encourage new growth. Though technically a perennial, it grows as an annual in Texas due to its intollerance of long, hot summers.