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Bamboo

bamboo asian lemon picBamboo Cultivars Available at Maas Nurserybamboo planter idea

The information found in the following table has been compiled from various growers’ websites. Most of the bamboo cultivars we offer are clumping (C) and are non-invasive. Running bamboo (R) can be invasive if not contained by an underground barrier. Dwarf (D) and giant (G) varieties are indicated.

 

CULTIVAR

BOTANICAL NAME

C/R G/D

HEIGHT

DESCRIPTION

CARE GUIDELINES

ALPHONSE KARR

bamboo alphonse karr pic

Bambusa glaucenscens aka Bambusa multiplex

C

20-30’

Great for hedges or tall screens. Attractive stems are brilliantly striped green on yellow with new growth pinkish and green. As a hedge can be maintained at 8 to 10 ft. tall with occasional pruning. Non-invasive. Evergreen. Hardy to 18°F

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment to weekly (more often during extreme heat.) Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

Full to partial sun.

ASIAN LEMON

bamboo asian lemon pic

Bambusa eutuldoides ‘Viridi Vittata’

C

Up to 25’

Bright yellow culms accented by bold green stripes. 1” diameter culms contrast nicely with dark green leaves. New culms have pink/peach tones. Hardy to 21°F. Very versatile, tough. Great for screening.

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment to weekly (more often during extreme heat.) Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

Full to partial sun.

BLACK TIMOR

bamboo black timor pic

Bambusa lako

C/G

> 40’

Thick, black culms, with some thin, green striping. Large tropical leaves begin 1/3 to ½ way up the culm. Upright growth with fairly open clump. Slow grower. Hardy to 25°F.

Prefers moist soil. Full to partial sun.

BUDDHA BELLY

bamboo buddha belly pic

Bambusa ventricosa

C/D

3-6’, contained. Otherwise, up to 45’.

Excellent bamboo for screens, windbreaks, or containers. Stays dwarf and produces the swollen stems that give it its name only when confined in tubs or grown in poor soil. Evergreen clumping type. Hardy to 18°F.

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment to weekly (more often during extreme heat.) Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

Full to partial sun.

GIANT BLUE

Borinda boliana

C/G

Up to 20’ in 10 years. >35’

Fast grower. Hardy to 10°F. Feathery green leaves and gracefully arching canes have new shoots that are pale blue in color. Excellent hedge or screen.

Adaptable to most soil types; prefers humus-rich, well drained soil. Needs weekly watering after establishment (more often in extreme heat). Best with some afternoon shade in hot summer climates. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

GIANT LEAF

Indocalamus tessalatus

R/D

5-8’

Hardy to -10°F.  Forms mound of 24×4” leaves. Great for erosion control, screening. Adapts well to shade.

Prefers loose, loamy soil. Water often enough and deeply enough to keep soil moist. Barrier should be installed to prevent spreading.

GIANT TIMBER aka OLDHAM’S

Bambusa oldhamii

C/G

Up to 65’

Hardy to 20°F. 4” diameter culms. Short branches with long leaves. Fast grower. Small footprint allows great use of horizontal space in urban landscapes.

Full to partial sun. Keep well mulched and watered. General purpose fertilizer like Microlife twice per year.

GOLDEN GODDESS

Bambusa multiplex ‘Golden Goddess’

C

6-10’

Perfect for smaller gardens, Golden Goddess has a well-mannered clumping form that can be easily maintained at under 8 ft. tall. Fantastic container or screen plant. Graceful, arching form for exotic tropical or Asian effect. Non-invasive. Evergreen. Hardy to 15°F.

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment to weekly (more often during extreme heat.) Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

Full to partial sun.

GOLDEN HAWAIIAN

Bambusa vulgaris

C

25-35’

Staggered green and golden-colored culms. This large ornamental bamboo is highly attractive. Makes a great pot plant and does extremely well in interiors. The size and beauty of this plant makes it look unreal. Fast grower. Hardy to 25°F.

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment to weekly (more often during extreme heat.) Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

Full to partial sun.

GRACEFUL

Bambusa textilis gracilis

C

Up to 30’

Forms a lovely vase-shaped plant and makes an excellent screen. Tips of culms gracefully arch outward, making this plant one of the most elegant species of bamboo. Can flush up to 3 times a year.  Hardy to 15°F.

 

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment to weekly (more often during extreme heat.) Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

Full to partial sun.

HENON or GIANT GREY

Phyllostachys nigra ‘Henon’

R/G

Up to 50’

Green culmed timber bamboo. Culm diameter 4”.  Ages to an olive grey color. Hardy to -5°F. Vigorous grower with feather-like leaf pattern. Barrier recommended.

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment to weekly (more often during extreme heat.) Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

Full to partial sun.

MEXICAN WEEPING

bamboo mexican weeping pic

Otatea acuminata ‘Aztecorum’

C

15-20’

Long, narrow leaves give overall lacy look. Drought tolerant when established. Grown easily in pots. Fast Grower. Great windbreak. Hardy to 22°F.

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring. Partial to full sun.

NARROW LEAVED aka

SICHUAN

Borinda angustissima

C

16-18’

A rare plant species valued for its delicate foliage and its extremely narrow, clumping growth habit, developing a vase shape as it matures. Tolerant of heat, cold and drought. Fast grower. Hardy to 15°F.

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Water more often in extreme heat. Watering can be reduced after establishment. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring. Part sun to shade.

PAINTED BUDDHA BELLY

Bambusa ventricosa ‘Kimmei’

C/G

>40’

This beautiful form of Buddha Belly bamboo has culms that emerge green and soon turn a beautiful golden-yellow with green stripes. It has two forms, a dwarf with bulging internodes that are great for pots on patios or it can grow as a giant with large zig-zagging culms and straight slender, given ideal condition.  Sometimes the dwarf form is encouraged by lack of water, planting it in tight spaces, or growing in a container. This bamboo is best as a container plant where with proper care and pruning it can be a delightful specimen. Hardy to 18°F.

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment to weekly (more often during extreme heat.) Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

Full to partial sun.

PUNTING POLE

Bambusa tuldoides

C/G

>40

Fast grower. Thick, rigid stems (2 inches across at the base.) Dense tall screen, excellent for privacy or windbreak. Evergreen. Hardy to 15°F.

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment to weekly (more often during extreme heat.) Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

Full to partial sun.

ROYAL aka WONG CHUK

Bambusa textilis ‘Kanapaha’

C/G

Up to 50’

Moderate grower. Hardy to 18°F. White powdery bloom on culms. Culm diameter is 2.5”. Small leaves with long internodes.

Full to partial sun. Well-drained, moist soil.

SEABREEZE

Bambusa malingensis

C

>40’

Extremely fast growing, tough and bushy. Non-invasive. Tolerant of drought, salt and flood. Hardy to 20°F. Slender branches with small leaves. Can be kept small. Culms are 2.5” diameter.

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment to weekly (more often during extreme heat.) Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

Full to partial sun.

SUNBURST

Bambusa pervariabilis ‘Viridistriata’

C

>40’

Similar to Asian Lemon but taller with larger diameter culms. Hardy to 25°F.

Full to partial sun. Well-drained, moist soil.

SUNSET GLOW

Fargesia rufa

C

Up to 8’

Orange-red sheaths at each node add color to the green culms. Perfect specimen for smaller gardens and courtyards. Leaves do not curl in the sun as with some bamboos. Non-invasive. Evergreen. Hardy to -15°F

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment to weekly (more often during extreme heat.) Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

Partial sun.

WEAVERS

Bambusa textilis ‘Maculata’

C

20-30’

Delicate in appearance. Smooth, thin culms arch when heavy after rain. White powdery bloom at nodes. Long internodes, small leaves. Hardy to 20°F. Evergreen.

Full to partial sun. Well-drained, moist soil.

WHITE STRIPED DWARF

bamboo white striped dwarf pic

Sasaella masamuneana ‘Albostriata’

R/D

3-5’

Attractive striped foliage on low, dense clumps. Perfect for low border or groundcover; nice in rock gardens and used as erosion control. Fast grower. Spreads with underground stems. Can be invasive if not contained. Evergreen. Hardy to 5°F.

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering can be reduced after establishment to weekly (more often during extreme heat.) Feed with a general purpose fertilizer like Microlife before new growth begins in spring.

Performs best in shade.